S. 1105 - Matthew Shepard Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007

Criminal justice. 110th Congress (2007-2008) View bill details
Sponsor:
Summary:
A bill to provide Federal assistance to States, local jurisdictions, and Indian tribes to prosecute hate crimes, and for other purposes. (by CRS) 
Status:
The bill has been introduced. 
There have been no votes on this bill.

Matthew Shepard Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007

S. 1105 — 110th Congress (2007–2008)

Summary
A bill to provide Federal assistance to States, local jurisdictions, and Indian tribes to prosecute hate crimes, and for other purposes. (by CRS)
Learn More
At OpenCongress
Title
A bill to provide Federal assistance to States, local jurisdictions, and Indian tribes to prosecute hate crimes, and for other purposes.
Other Titles
  • Matthew Shepard Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007
Sponsor
Edward Kennedy
Co-Sponsors
Subjects
  • Criminal justice
  • Administrative procedure
  • Arson
  • Budgets
  • Child abuse
  • Children
  • Civil liberties
  • Civil rights
  • Congressional reporting requirements
  • Crime prevention
  • Crimes against women
  • Criminal investigation
  • Criminal justice information
  • Criminal statistics
  • Disabled
  • Emergency management
  • Executive departments
  • Explosives
  • Federal aid to Indians
  • Federal aid to law enforcement
  • Federal law enforcement officers
  • Federal-state relations
  • Firearms
  • Government employees
  • Government information
  • Government paperwork
  • Government publicity
  • Hate crimes
  • Indian law enforcement
  • Job training
  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Kidnapping
  • Law
  • Minorities
  • Murder
  • Police training
  • Prejudice
  • Prosecution
  • Racial discrimination
  • Rape
  • Religion
  • Religious liberty
  • Rural affairs
  • Rural crime
  • Sentencing guidelines
  • Sex crimes
  • Sex discrimination
  • Sexual orientation
  • State and local government
  • U.S. Sentencing Commission
  • Victims of crimes
  • Violence
  • Women
  • Youth violence
Related Bills
Major Actions
Introduced4/12/2007
Referred to Committee
Bill History

There have been no votes on this bill.

ActionDateDescription
Introduced4/12/2007
4/12/2007Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
4/12/2007Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR S4445-4447)
9/25/2007Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR S12026-12027)
9/26/2007Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR S12087-12089)
NumberSponsorDate OfferedStatus
scale for bar graph of contributions

Contributions

  1. January - February 2003 For $1,199,713 Against $0
  2. March - April 2003 For $2,484,901 Against $0
  3. May - June 2003 For $3,289,777 Against $0
  4. July - August 2003 For $1,673,224 Against $0
  5. September - October 2003 For $2,654,817 Against $0
  6. November - December 2003 For $2,651,405 Against $0
  7. January - February 2004 For $2,293,139 Against $0
  8. March - April 2004 For $3,948,797 Against $0
  9. May - June 2004 For $4,728,531 Against $0
  10. July - August 2004 For $2,811,681 Against $0
  11. September - October 2004 For $6,321,465 Against $0
  12. November - December 2004 For $1,118,823 Against $0
  13. January - February 2005 For $1,432,887 Against $0
  14. March - April 2005 For $4,483,552 Against $0
  15. May - June 2005 For $5,279,747 Against $0
  16. July - August 2005 For $2,061,963 Against $0
  17. September - October 2005 For $4,194,889 Against $0
  18. November - December 2005 For $4,857,565 Against $0
  19. January - February 2006 For $4,117,207 Against $0
  20. March - April 2006 For $6,139,451 Against $0
  21. May - June 2006 For $5,675,000 Against $0
  22. July - August 2006 For $4,256,114 Against $0
  23. September - October 2006 For $9,674,051 Against $0
  24. November - December 2006 For $2,199,442 Against $0
  25. January - February 2007 For $1,540,081 Against $0
  26. March - April 2007 For $3,547,377 Against $0
  27. May - June 2007 For $3,822,493 Against $0
  28. July - August 2007 For $1,511,913 Against $0
  29. September - October 2007 For $2,729,408 Against $0
  30. November - December 2007 For $2,608,421 Against $0
  31. January - February 2008 For $1,419,414 Against $0
  32. March - April 2008 For $2,591,661 Against $0
  33. May - June 2008 For $2,787,863 Against $0
  34. July - August 2008 For $3,031,373 Against $0
  35. September - October 2008 For $2,556,842 Against $0
  36. November - December 2008 For $990,186 Against $0

Votes

    83 Organizations Supported and 3 Opposed; See Which Ones

    Organizations that took a position on
    Matthew Shepard Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007

    83 organizations supported this bill

    African American Ministers In Action
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Association of University Women
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Civil Liberties Union
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Counseling Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Dance Therapy Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Federation of Government Employees
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Federation of Musicians
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Federation of Teachers
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Jewish Committee
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Medical Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Nurses Association
    undersigned organization (2009). Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2012, from Civil Rights.org.
    American Occupational Therapy Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Psychological Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Americans for Democratic Action
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Anti-Defamation League
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Arab American Institute
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    B'nai B'rith International
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Business And Professional Women Usa
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Communications Workers of America
    undersigned organizations (2009). Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2012, from Civil Rights.org.
    Easter Seals
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Episcopal Church
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Equal Rights Advocates
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Feminist Majority Foundation
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Goodwill Industries International
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Human Rights Campaign
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Human Rights First
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    International Brotherhood of Teamsters
    undersigned organizations (2009). Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2012, from Civil Rights.org.
    Japanese American Citizens League
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Justice For All
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Leadership Conference on Civil Rights
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    League of United Latin American Citizens
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Legal Momentum
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Log Cabin Republicans
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    MANA, A National Latina Organization
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Matthew Shepard Foundation
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Abortion Federation
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Alliance on Mental Illness
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Association of School Psychologists
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Association of Social Workers
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Association of the Deaf
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Congress of American Indians
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Congress of Black Women
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Council of Jewish Women
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Council of La Raza
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Education Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Fragile X Foundation
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Gay & Lesbian Chamber of Commerce
    (n.d.). Draft Hate Crimes Letter to Senators. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Italian American Foundation
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Jewish Democratic Council
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Korean American Service & Education Consortium
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National League of Cities
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Mental Health Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Organization for Women
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Partnership for Women & Families
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Sheriffs' Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Structured Settlements Trade Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Urban League
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    National Women's Law Center
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Paralyzed Veterans of America
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    People For the American Way
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    PFLAG
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Presbyterian Church (u.s.a.) Washington Office
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    School Social Work Association of America
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Service Employees International Union
    undersigned organizations (2009). Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2012, from Civil Rights.org.
    Southern Poverty Law Center
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    The Arc
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Unitarian Universalist Association
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    United Cerebral Palsy
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    United Church of Christ
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    United Food and Commercial Workers International Union
    undersigned organizations (2009). Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2012, from Civil Rights.org.
    United Methodist Church
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Women Employed
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    World Institute on Disability
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .
    YWCA USA
    (n.d.). Support for This Legislation. Retrieved n.d., from .

    3 organizations opposed this bill

    American Association of Christian Schools
    (n.d.). Bills That Have Been Introduced in the 110th Congress. Retrieved n.d., from .
    High Impact Leadership Coalition
    (n.d.). Don't Muzzle our Pulpits. Retrieved n.d., from .
    Home School Legal Defense Association
    (n.d.). S. 1105—Matthew Shepard Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007. Retrieved n.d., from .

    Need proof?

    View citations of support and opposition

    Includes reported contributions to congressional campaigns of Senators in office during the 110th U.S. Congress, from interest groups invested in the vote according to MapLight, January 1, 2003 – December 31, 2008.
    Contributions data source: OpenSecrets.org

    Contributions by Legislator

    Namesort iconPartyState$ From Interest Groups
    That Supported
    $ From Interest Groups
    That Opposed
    Daniel K. AkakaDHI$320,315$0
    Andrew Lamar AlexanderRTN$688,750$0
    Alan Wayne AllardRCO$21,000$0
    Max BaucusDMT$1,063,226$0
    Birch "Evan" BayhDIN$1,624,260$0
    Bob BennettRUT$300,939$0
    Joe BidenDDE$2,100,802$0
    Jesse "Jeff" BingamanDNM$689,220$0
    Christopher "Kit" BondRMO$599,257$0
    Barbara BoxerDCA$2,836,308$0
    Sherrod BrownDOH$2,217,457$0
    Sam BrownbackRKS$271,114$0
    Jim BunningRKY$390,850$0
    Richard BurrRNC$824,314$0
    Robert ByrdDWV$487,135$0
    Maria CantwellDWA$1,802,632$0
    Ben CardinDMD$2,065,547$0
    Tom CarperDDE$441,153$0
    Bob CaseyDPA$4,282,199$0
    Clarence Saxby ChamblissRGA$1,060,031$0
    Hillary ClintonDNY$7,841,815$0
    Tom CoburnROK$339,459$0
    William Thad CochranRMS$254,264$0
    Norm ColemanRMN$1,630,351$0
    Susan M. CollinsRME$807,052$0
    Gaylord Kent ConradDND$814,478$0
    Bob CorkerRTN$1,174,974$0
    John CornynRTX$1,878,585$0
    Larry CraigRID$39,490$0
    Mike CrapoRID$247,304$0
    Jim DeMintRSC$950,371$0
    Chris DoddDCT$1,003,009$0
    Mary Elizabeth DoleRNC$858,108$0
    Pete DomeniciRNM$154,824$0
    Byron DorganDND$489,091$0
    Dick DurbinDIL$2,330,931$0
    John EnsignRNV$447,901$0
    Mike EnziRWY$132,651$0
    Russ FeingoldDWI$1,618,614$0
    Dianne FeinsteinDCA$1,191,487$0
    Lindsey GrahamRSC$1,583,947$0
    Chuck GrassleyRIA$691,809$0
    Judd GreggRNH$229,850$0
    Chuck HagelRNE$98,550$0
    Tom HarkinDIA$985,471$0
    Orrin G. HatchRUT$580,448$0
    Kay Bailey HutchisonRTX$905,083$0
    Jim InhofeROK$291,633$0
    Dan InouyeDHI$345,543$0
    Johnny IsaksonRGA$844,324$0
    Tim JohnsonDSD$631,198$0
    Ted KennedyDMA$1,414,244$0
    John F. KerryDMA$689,565$0
    Amy KlobucharDMN$2,226,175$0
    Herb KohlDWI$8,253$0
    Jon KylRAZ$1,478,665$0
    Mary L. LandrieuDLA$1,998,858$0
    Frank R. LautenbergDNJ$1,222,895$0
    Patrick J. LeahyDVT$606,104$0
    Carl LevinDMI$1,323,229$0
    Joe LiebermanICT$2,827,500$0
    Blanche LincolnDAR$733,173$0
    Chester Trent LottRMS$274,527$0
    Dick LugarRIN$488,842$0
    Mel MartinezRFL$1,543,686$0
    John McCainRAZ$296,165$0
    Claire McCaskillDMO$5,862,314$0
    Addison "Mitch" McConnellRKY$1,724,319$0
    Bob MenéndezDNJ$2,760,611$0
    Barbara A. MikulskiDMD$961,822$0
    Lisa MurkowskiRAK$494,255$0
    Patty MurrayDWA$1,775,489$0
    Earl "Ben" NelsonDNE$742,573$0
    Clarence "Bill" NelsonDFL$3,183,828$0
    Barack ObamaDIL$3,005,987$0
    Mark L. PryorDAR$866,946$0
    John "Jack" ReedDRI$606,312$0
    Harry ReidDNV$1,591,239$0
    Charles "Pat" RobertsRKS$461,478$0
    John "Jay" RockefellerDWV$953,000$0
    Ken SalazarDCO$2,973,912$0
    Bernie SandersIVT$471,480$0
    Chuck SchumerDNY$1,486,974$0
    Jeff SessionsRAL$607,340$0
    Richard C. ShelbyRAL$830,827$0
    Gordon SmithROR$859,997$0
    Olympia J. SnoweRME$372,107$0
    Arlen SpecterDPA$3,303,852$0
    Debbie StabenowDMI$2,794,451$0
    Ted StevensRAK$379,039$0
    John SununuRNH$380,160$0
    Jon TesterDMT$765,111$0
    Craig ThomasRWY$127,765$0
    John ThuneRSD$774,366$0
    David VitterRLA$956,124$0
    George VoinovichROH$898,566$0
    John WarnerRVA$2,000$0
    Jim WebbDVA$1,158,990$0
    Sheldon WhitehouseDRI$1,257,387$0
    Ron WydenDOR$683,547$0

    Add Data Filters:

    Legislator Filters
    Legislator Filters
    Show All
    NamePartyState$ From Interest Groups
    That Supported
    $ From Interest Groups
    That Opposed
    Daniel K. AkakaDHI$320,315$0
    Andrew Lamar AlexanderRTN$688,750$0
    Alan Wayne AllardRCO$21,000$0
    Max BaucusDMT$1,063,226$0
    Birch "Evan" BayhDIN$1,624,260$0
    Bob BennettRUT$300,939$0
    Joe BidenDDE$2,100,802$0
    Jesse "Jeff" BingamanDNM$689,220$0
    Christopher "Kit" BondRMO$599,257$0
    Barbara BoxerDCA$2,836,308$0
    Sherrod BrownDOH$2,217,457$0
    Sam BrownbackRKS$271,114$0
    Jim BunningRKY$390,850$0
    Richard BurrRNC$824,314$0
    Robert ByrdDWV$487,135$0
    Maria CantwellDWA$1,802,632$0
    Ben CardinDMD$2,065,547$0
    Tom CarperDDE$441,153$0
    Bob CaseyDPA$4,282,199$0
    Clarence Saxby ChamblissRGA$1,060,031$0
    Hillary ClintonDNY$7,841,815$0
    Tom CoburnROK$339,459$0
    William Thad CochranRMS$254,264$0
    Norm ColemanRMN$1,630,351$0
    Susan M. CollinsRME$807,052$0
    Gaylord Kent ConradDND$814,478$0
    Bob CorkerRTN$1,174,974$0
    John CornynRTX$1,878,585$0
    Larry CraigRID$39,490$0
    Mike CrapoRID$247,304$0
    Jim DeMintRSC$950,371$0
    Chris DoddDCT$1,003,009$0
    Mary Elizabeth DoleRNC$858,108$0
    Pete DomeniciRNM$154,824$0
    Byron DorganDND$489,091$0
    Dick DurbinDIL$2,330,931$0
    John EnsignRNV$447,901$0
    Mike EnziRWY$132,651$0
    Russ FeingoldDWI$1,618,614$0
    Dianne FeinsteinDCA$1,191,487$0
    Lindsey GrahamRSC$1,583,947$0
    Chuck GrassleyRIA$691,809$0
    Judd GreggRNH$229,850$0
    Chuck HagelRNE$98,550$0
    Tom HarkinDIA$985,471$0
    Orrin G. HatchRUT$580,448$0
    Kay Bailey HutchisonRTX$905,083$0
    Jim InhofeROK$291,633$0
    Dan InouyeDHI$345,543$0
    Johnny IsaksonRGA$844,324$0
    Tim JohnsonDSD$631,198$0
    Ted KennedyDMA$1,414,244$0
    John F. KerryDMA$689,565$0
    Amy KlobucharDMN$2,226,175$0
    Herb KohlDWI$8,253$0
    Jon KylRAZ$1,478,665$0
    Mary L. LandrieuDLA$1,998,858$0
    Frank R. LautenbergDNJ$1,222,895$0
    Patrick J. LeahyDVT$606,104$0
    Carl LevinDMI$1,323,229$0
    Joe LiebermanICT$2,827,500$0
    Blanche LincolnDAR$733,173$0
    Chester Trent LottRMS$274,527$0
    Dick LugarRIN$488,842$0
    Mel MartinezRFL$1,543,686$0
    John McCainRAZ$296,165$0
    Claire McCaskillDMO$5,862,314$0
    Addison "Mitch" McConnellRKY$1,724,319$0
    Bob MenéndezDNJ$2,760,611$0
    Barbara A. MikulskiDMD$961,822$0
    Lisa MurkowskiRAK$494,255$0
    Patty MurrayDWA$1,775,489$0
    Earl "Ben" NelsonDNE$742,573$0
    Clarence "Bill" NelsonDFL$3,183,828$0
    Barack ObamaDIL$3,005,987$0
    Mark L. PryorDAR$866,946$0
    John "Jack" ReedDRI$606,312$0
    Harry ReidDNV$1,591,239$0
    Charles "Pat" RobertsRKS$461,478$0
    John "Jay" RockefellerDWV$953,000$0
    Ken SalazarDCO$2,973,912$0
    Bernie SandersIVT$471,480$0
    Chuck SchumerDNY$1,486,974$0
    Jeff SessionsRAL$607,340$0
    Richard C. ShelbyRAL$830,827$0
    Gordon SmithROR$859,997$0
    Olympia J. SnoweRME$372,107$0
    Arlen SpecterDPA$3,303,852$0
    Debbie StabenowDMI$2,794,451$0
    Ted StevensRAK$379,039$0
    John SununuRNH$380,160$0
    Jon TesterDMT$765,111$0
    Craig ThomasRWY$127,765$0
    John ThuneRSD$774,366$0
    David VitterRLA$956,124$0
    George VoinovichROH$898,566$0
    John WarnerRVA$2,000$0
    Jim WebbDVA$1,158,990$0
    Sheldon WhitehouseDRI$1,257,387$0
    Ron WydenDOR$683,547$0

    Interest Groups that supported this bill

    $ Donated
    Attorneys & law firms$65,800,030
    Pro-Israel$13,333,578
    Women's issues$10,846,468
    Physicians$9,442,260
    Democratic/Liberal$4,309,556
    Civil servant/public employee$4,252,567
    Psychiatrists & psychologists$1,441,995
    Minority/Ethnic Groups$1,240,706
    Other non-physician health practitioners$1,226,865
    Teachers unions$1,008,340
    Gay & lesbian rights & issues$986,678
    Nurses$842,190
    Welfare & Social Work$668,555
    Insurance$545,264
    Commercial service unions$498,925
    Health & welfare policy$431,089
    Teamsters union$431,016
    Churches, clergy & religious organizations$424,037
    Communications & hi-tech unions$330,290
    Entertainment unions$245,910
    Labor Unions$241,500
    Mental Health Services$106,194
    Human Rights$27,660
    Retail trade unions$3,500

    Interest Groups that opposed this bill

    $ Donated
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