H.R. 3699 - Research Works Act

Government operations and politics. 112th Congress (2011-2012) View bill details
Sponsor:
Summary:
To ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-reviewed research works by the private sector. (by CRS) 
Status:
The bill has been introduced. 
There have been no votes on this bill.

Research Works Act

H.R. 3699 — 112th Congress (2011–2012)

Summary
To ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-reviewed research works by the private sector. (by CRS)
Learn More
At OpenCongress
Title
To ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-reviewed research works by the private sector.
Other Titles
  • Research Works Act
Sponsor
Darrell Issa
Co-Sponsors
Subjects
  • Government operations and politics
  • Government information and archives
  • Internet and video services
  • Research administration and funding
Related Bills
    Major Actions
    Introduced12/16/2011
    Referred to Committee
    Bill History

    There have been no votes on this bill.

    ActionDateDescription
    Introduced12/16/2011
    12/16/2011Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.
    NumberSponsorDate OfferedStatus

    Average contributions given to House members from Museums, art galleries, libraries, etc., which…

    opposed this bill

    Museums, art galleries, libraries, etc. [About]
    Average given to House members who voted:
    $0
    YES$0
    $0
    NO$0
    4 Organizations Supported and 15 Opposed; See Which Ones

    Organizations that took a position on
    Research Works Act

    4 organizations supported this bill

    Association of American Publishers
    AAP (2011, December 23). Publishers Applaud “Research Works Act,” Bipartisan Legislation To End Government Mandates on Private-Sector Scholarly Publishing. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from Publishers.
    Copyright Alliance
    Gayle Osterberg & Amanda Reynolds (2012, January 13). STATEMENT FROM COPYRIGHT ALLIANCE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR SANDRA AISTARS, RE: Introduction of H.R. 3699, the Research Works Act . Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Copyright Alliance.
    Ecological Society of America
    Katherine S. McCarter, Executive Director and Publisher (2011, December 22). Policy Engagement: ESA Responds to OSTP Review of Science Publication Policies. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from ESA.
    Software & Information Industry Association
    SIIA (2012, January 17). STATEMENT FROM SIIA PRESIDENT KEN WASCH, IN SUPPORT OF THE RESEARCH WORKS ACT (H.R. 3699). Retrieved January 30, 2012, from SIIA.

    15 organizations opposed this bill

    Alliance for Taxpayer Access
    Heather Joseph & Andrea Brusca Higginbotham (2012, January 6). Call to action: Oppose H.R. 3699, a bill to block public access to publicly funded research. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Taxpayer Access.
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    Ginger Pinholster (2012, January 18). AAAS Does Not Endorse the Research Works Act. Retrieved January 24, 2012, from AAAS.
    American Association of Law Libraries
    American Association of Law Libraries (2011, December 16). ACTION ALERT: Oppose H.R. 3699, a bill to prevent public access to taxpayer-funded research. Retrieved January 11, 2012, from Legislative Action Center.
    American Medical Student Association
    AMSA (2011, October 7). Want to be able to practice evidence-based medicine? Stop the Research Works Act (HR 3699)! . Retrieved January 30, 2012, from AMSA.
    Association of College and Research Libraries
    ACRL (2012, January 6). Stop Making Sense (Scholarly Publishing Edition). Retrieved January 30, 2012, from ACRL.
    Association Of Health Care Journalists
    Pia Christensen (2012, January 18). AHCJ opposes taking taxpayer-funded research out of public’s reach. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from AHCJ.
    International Society For Computational Biology
    ISCB (2011, January 10). ISCB opposes HR 3699. Retrieved January 12, 2012, from Gas Station Without Pumps.
    Ithaka
    Chad Nilep (2012, January 13). Research Works Act – H.R. 3699. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Society for Linguistic Anthropology.
    M.i.t. Press
    Chad Nilep (2012, January 13). Research Works Act – H.R. 3699. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Society for Linguistic Anthropology.
    Medical Library Association
    Mary Langman (2012, January 12). Contact Your Representative Today Urge them to Oppose H.R. 3699. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Medical Library Association.
    Pennsylvania State University Press
    Chad Nilep (2012, January 13). Research Works Act – H.R. 3699. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Society for Linguistic Anthropology.
    Right To Research Coalition
    RtRC (2012, January 12). Draft Letter Text - Oppose H.R. 3699. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Right to Research.
    Scholarly Publishing And Academic Resources Coalition
    Heather Joseph, Executive Director, SPARC (2012, January 6). Take Action: Oppose H.R. 3699, a new bill to block public access to publicly funded research. Retrieved January 11, 2012, from sparc blog.
    Special Libraries Association
    Doug Newcomb (2012, January 12). CALL TO ACTION: Oppose H.R. 3699, a Bill to Block Public Access to Publicly Funded Research. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from SLA Connections.
    University of California Press
    Chad Nilep (2012, January 13). Research Works Act – H.R. 3699. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from Society for Linguistic Anthropology.

    Need proof?

    View citations of support and opposition

    Includes reported contributions to congressional campaigns of House members in office during the 112th U.S. Congress, from Museums, art galleries, libraries, etc. interest groups, January 1, 2011 – December 31, 2012.
    Contributions data source: OpenSecrets.org

    Contributions by Legislator

    Namesort iconPartyState$ From Interest Groups
    That Supported
    $ From Interest Groups
    That Opposed
    Todd YoungRIN-9$0$0
    Don YoungRAK$0$0
    C. W. "Bill" YoungRFL-10$0$500
    Kevin YoderRKS-3$0$0
    John YarmuthDKY-3$0$0
    Lynn WoolseyDCA-6$0$0
    Rob WoodallRGA-7$0$0
    Steve WomackRAR-3$0$0
    Frank WolfRVA-10$0$0
    Robert WittmanRVA-1$0$0
    Addison "Joe" WilsonRSC-2$0$0
    Frederica WilsonDFL-17$0$0
    Ed WhitfieldRKY-1$0$0
    Lynn WestmorelandRGA-3$0$0
    Allen WestRFL-22$0$0
    Peter WelchDVT$0$0
    Daniel WebsterRFL-8$0$0
    Henry WaxmanDCA-30$0$0
    Mel WattDNC-12$0$0
    Maxine WatersDCA-35$0$0
    Debbie Wasserman SchultzDFL-20$0$2,000
    Tim WalzDMN-1$0$1,450
    Joe WalshRIL-8$0$0
    Greg WaldenROR-2$0$0
    Tim WalbergRMI-7$0$0
    Pete ViscloskyDIN-1$0$0
    Nydia VelázquezDNY-12$0$250
    Chris Van HollenDMD-8$0$825
    Fred UptonRMI-6$0$0
    Robert TurnerRNY-9$0$0
    Mike TurnerROH-3$0$0
    Niki TsongasDMA-5$0$1,250
    Ed TownsDNY-10$0$0
    Paul TonkoDNY-21$0$4,742
    Scott TiptonRCO-3$0$0
    John TierneyDMA-6$0$0
    Pat TiberiROH-12$0$0
    William "Mac" ThornberryRTX-13$0$0
    C. Mike ThompsonDCA-1$0$1,200
    Glenn ThompsonRPA-5$0$500
    Bennie ThompsonDMS-2$0$0
    Lee TerryRNE-2$0$250
    Linda SánchezDCA-39$0$0
    Betty SuttonDOH-13$0$1,000
    John SullivanROK-1$0$0
    Marlin StutzmanRIN-3$0$0
    Steve StiversROH-15$0$0
    Cliff StearnsRFL-6$0$0
    Fortney "Pete" StarkDCA-13$0$0
    Karen "Jackie" SpeierDCA-12$0$500
    Steve SoutherlandRFL-2$0$0
    Lamar SmithRTX-21$0$0
    Chris SmithRNJ-4$0$0
    Adrian SmithRNE-3$0$0
    David Adam SmithDWA-9$0$0
    Louise SlaughterDNY-28$0$3,050
    Albio SiresDNJ-13$0$0
    Mike SimpsonRID-2$0$0
    Bill ShusterRPA-9$0$0
    Joseph Heath ShulerDNC-11$0$0
    John ShimkusRIL-19$0$0
    Brad ShermanDCA-27$0$0
    Terri SewellDAL-7$0$500
    Pete SessionsRTX-32$0$0
    José SerranoDNY-16$0$0
    F. "Jim" SensenbrennerRWI-5$0$0
    Tim ScottRSC-1$0$250
    Bobby ScottDVA-3$0$250
    David ScottDGA-13$0$0
    Austin ScottRGA-8$0$0
    David SchweikertRAZ-5$0$0
    Allyson SchwartzDPA-13$0$5,500
    Kurt SchraderDOR-5$0$0
    Aaron SchockRIL-18$0$0
    Jeannette "Jean" SchmidtROH-2$0$0
    Robert SchillingRIL-17$0$0
    Adam SchiffDCA-29$0$0
    Jan SchakowskyDIL-9$0$4,750
    Steve ScaliseRLA-1$0$0
    John SarbanesDMD-3$0$0
    Loretta SanchezDCA-47$0$0
    Gregorio "Kilili" SablanDMP$0$0
    Tim RyanDOH-17$0$0
    Paul RyanRWI-1$0$0
    Bobby RushDIL-1$0$0
    C.A. "Dutch" RuppersbergerDMD-2$0$0
    Jon RunyanRNJ-3$0$0
    Ed RoyceRCA-40$0$0
    Lucille Roybal-AllardDCA-34$0$0
    Steve RothmanDNJ-9$0$0
    Mike RossDAR-4$0$0
    Dennis RossRFL-12$0$0
    Peter RoskamRIL-6$0$1,000
    Ileana Ros-LehtinenRFL-18$0$500
    Tom RooneyRFL-16$0$0
    Todd RokitaRIN-4$0$0
    Dana RohrabacherRCA-46$0$0
    Mike D. RogersRAL-3$0$0
    Mike RogersRMI-8$0$0
    Harold "Hal" RogersRKY-5$0$0
    David "Phil" RoeRTN-1$0$0
    Martha RobyRAL-2$0$0
    David RiveraRFL-25$0$0
    Edward RigellRVA-2$0$0
    Cedric RichmondDLA-2$0$250
    Laura RichardsonDCA-37$0$0
    Reid RibbleRWI-8$0$0
    Silvestre ReyesDTX-16$0$0
    James RenacciROH-16$0$0
    David ReichertRWA-8$0$0
    Denny RehbergRMT$0$250
    Tom ReedRNY-29$0$500
    Charlie RangelDNY-15$0$1,000
    Nick RahallDWV-3$0$0
    Mike QuigleyDIL-5$0$1,000
    Ben QuayleRAZ-3$0$0
    Tom PriceRGA-6$0$0
    David PriceDNC-4$0$6,200
    Bill PoseyRFL-15$0$0
    Mike PompeoRKS-4$0$0
    Jared PolisDCO-2$0$0
    Lloyd "Ted" PoeRTX-2$0$0
    Todd PlattsRPA-19$0$0
    Joe PittsRPA-16$0$0
    Rochelle "Chellie" PingreeDME-1$0$0
    Pedro PierluisiDPR$0$0
    Tom PetriRWI-6$0$0
    Collin PetersonDMN-7$0$0
    Gary PetersDMI-9$0$250
    Ed PerlmutterDCO-7$0$1,200
    Mike PenceRIN-6$0$0
    Nancy PelosiDCA-8$0$0
    Steve PearceRNM-2$0$0
    Donald PayneDNJ-10$0$1,000
    Erik PaulsenRMN-3$0$0
    Ron PaulRTX-14$0$0
    Ed PastorDAZ-4$0$0
    Bill PascrellDNJ-8$0$0
    Frank PalloneDNJ-6$0$0
    Steven PalazzoRMS-4$0$0
    Bill OwensDNY-23$0$0
    John OlverDMA-1$0$0
    Pete OlsonRTX-22$0$0
    Alan NunneleeRMS-1$0$0
    Devin NunesRCA-21$0$0
    Richard NugentRFL-5$0$0
    Eleanor Holmes NortonDDC$0$250
    Kristi NoemRSD$0$750
    Robert "Randy" NeugebauerRTX-19$0$0
    Richard NealDMA-2$0$0
    Grace NapolitanoDCA-38$0$0
    Jerry NadlerDNY-8$0$0
    Sue MyrickRNC-9$0$0
    Tim MurphyRPA-18$0$0
    Chris MurphyDCT-5$0$11,300
    Mick MulvaneyRSC-5$0$0
    Jim MoranDVA-8$0$1,750
    Gwen MooreDWI-4$0$0
    R. "Brad" MillerDNC-13$0$1,000
    Jeff MillerRFL-1$0$0
    George MillerDCA-7$0$0
    Gary MillerRCA-42$0$0
    Candice MillerRMI-10$0$0
    Mike MichaudDME-2$0$0
    John MicaRFL-7$0$1,000
    Gregory MeeksDNY-6$0$0
    Patrick MeehanRPA-7$0$0
    Jerry McNerneyDCA-11$0$5,000
    Cathy McMorris RodgersRWA-5$0$0
    David McKinleyRWV-1$0$0
    Howard P. "Buck" McKeonRCA-25$0$0
    Douglas "Mike" McIntyreDNC-7$0$0
    Patrick McHenryRNC-10$0$0
    Jim McGovernDMA-3$0$0
    Jim McDermottDWA-7$0$0
    Thaddeus McCotterRMI-11$0$0
    Betty McCollumDMN-4$0$1,200
    Tom McClintockRCA-4$0$0
    Michael McCaulRTX-10$0$0
    Kevin McCarthyRCA-22$0$500
    Carolyn McCarthyDNY-4$0$0
    Doris MatsuiDCA-5$0$0
    Jim MathesonDUT-2$0$250
    Ed MarkeyDMA-7$0$0
    Tom MarinoRPA-10$0$0
    Kenny MarchantRTX-24$0$0
    Don ManzulloRIL-16$0$0
    Carolyn MaloneyDNY-14$0$2,250
    Connie MackRFL-14$0$937
    Stephen LynchDMA-9$0$0
    Dan LungrenRCA-3$0$0
    Cynthia LummisRWY$0$0
    Ben Ray LujánDNM-3$0$0
    Blaine LuetkemeyerRMO-9$0$0
    Frank LucasROK-3$0$0
    Nita LoweyDNY-18$0$4,750
    Billy LongRMO-7$0$0
    Zoe LofgrenDCA-16$0$1,250
    Dave LoebsackDIA-2$0$1,750
    Frank LoBiondoRNJ-2$0$2,499
    Dan LipinskiDIL-3$0$2,500
    John LewisDGA-5$0$0
    Charles "Jerry" LewisRCA-41$0$0
    Sandy LevinDMI-12$0$250
    Barbara LeeDCA-9$0$750
    Bob LattaROH-5$0$0
    Tom LathamRIA-4$0$0
    John LarsonDCT-1$0$0
    Rick LarsenDWA-2$0$250
    James LankfordROK-5$0$0
    Jim LangevinDRI-2$0$0
    Jeff LandryRLA-3$0$0
    Leonard LanceRNJ-7$0$880
    Doug LambornRCO-5$0$0
    Raúl LabradorRID-1$0$0
    Steve LaTouretteROH-14$0$250
    Dennis KucinichDOH-10$0$0
    John KlineRMN-2$0$0
    Larry KissellDNC-8$0$500
    Adam KinzingerRIL-11$0$0
    Jack KingstonRGA-1$0$0
    Steve KingRIA-5$0$0
    Pete KingRNY-3$0$300
    Ron KindDWI-3$0$0
    Dale KildeeDMI-5$0$0
    Mike KellyRPA-3$0$0
    William KeatingDMA-10$0$0
    Marcy KapturDOH-9$0$0
    Jim JordanROH-4$0$0
    Walter JonesRNC-3$0$0
    Tim JohnsonRIL-15$0$500
    Sam JohnsonRTX-3$0$0
    Henry "Hank" JohnsonDGA-4$0$0
    Eddie Bernice JohnsonDTX-30$0$0
    Bill JohnsonROH-6$0$0
    Lynn JenkinsRKS-2$0$0
    Jesse JacksonDIL-2$0$0
    Sheila Jackson LeeDTX-18$0$0
    Darrell IssaRCA-49$0$0
    Steve IsraelDNY-2$0$1,800
    Jay InsleeDWA-1$0$250
    Robert HurtRVA-5$0$0
    Duncan HunterRCA-52$0$0
    Randy HultgrenRIL-14$0$0
    Bill HuizengaRMI-2$0$250
    Tim HuelskampRKS-1$0$0
    Steny H. HoyerDMD-5$0$1,000
    Mike HondaDCA-15$0$250
    Rush HoltDNJ-12$0$2,300
    Thomas "Tim" HoldenDPA-17$0$0
    Kathy HochulDNY-26$0$2,750
    Mazie HironoDHI-2$0$2,750
    Rubén HinojosaDTX-15$0$0
    Maurice HincheyDNY-22$0$0
    Jim HimesDCT-4$0$2,700
    Brian HigginsDNY-27$0$0
    Jaime Herrera BeutlerRWA-3$0$500
    Wally HergerRCA-2$0$0
    Jeb HensarlingRTX-5$0$0
    Martin HeinrichDNM-1$0$1,150
    Joseph HeckRNV-3$0$0
    Nan HayworthRNY-19$0$0
    Richard "Doc" HastingsRWA-4$0$0
    Alcee HastingsDFL-23$0$0
    Vicky HartzlerRMO-4$0$0
    Andy HarrisRMD-1$0$0
    Gregg HarperRMS-3$0$0
    Richard HannaRNY-24$0$2,550
    Colleen HanabusaDHI-1$0$0
    Ralph HallRTX-4$0$0
    Janice HahnDCA-36$0$250
    Luis GutiérrezDIL-4$0$0
    Steven Brett GuthrieRKY-2$0$1,000
    Frank GuintaRNH-1$0$0
    Michael GrimmRNY-13$0$0
    Raúl GrijalvaDAZ-7$0$0
    H. GriffithRVA-9$0$0
    Tim GriffinRAR-2$0$0
    Raymond "Gene" GreenDTX-29$0$0
    Al GreenDTX-9$0$0
    John "Tom" GravesRGA-9$0$0
    Sam GravesRMO-6$0$0
    Kay GrangerRTX-12$0$1,000
    Trey GowdyRSC-4$0$0
    Paul GosarRAZ-1$0$0
    Bob GoodlatteRVA-6$0$0
    Charlie GonzalezDTX-20$0$0
    Louie GohmertRTX-1$0$0
    John "Phil" GingreyRGA-11$0$250
    Gabrielle GiffordsDAZ-8$0$0
    Christopher GibsonRNY-20$0$0
    Bob GibbsROH-18$0$0
    Jim GerlachRPA-6$0$0
    Ernest Scott GarrettRNJ-5$0$0
    Cory GardnerRCO-4$0$0
    John GaramendiDCA-10$0$3,000
    Elton GalleglyRCA-24$0$0
    Marcia FudgeDOH-11$0$0
    Rodney FrelinghuysenRNJ-11$0$250
    Trent FranksRAZ-2$0$0
    Barney FrankDMA-4$0$1,500
    Virginia FoxxRNC-5$0$0
    Jeff FortenberryRNE-1$0$0
    J. "Randy" ForbesRVA-4$0$0
    Bill FloresRTX-17$0$0
    John FlemingRLA-4$0$0
    Charles FleischmannRTN-3$0$0
    Jeff FlakeRAZ-6$0$656
    Mike FitzpatrickRPA-8$0$0
    Stephen FincherRTN-8$0$2,500
    Bob FilnerDCA-51$0$0
    Chaka FattahDPA-2$0$250
    Sam FarrDCA-17$0$0
    Blake FarentholdRTX-27$0$0
    Eni FaleomavaegaDAS$0$0
    Anna EshooDCA-14$0$0
    Eliot EngelDNY-17$0$0
    Jo Ann EmersonRMO-8$0$0
    Renee EllmersRNC-2$0$0
    Keith EllisonDMN-5$0$0
    Donna EdwardsDMD-4$0$500
    John "Jimmy" DuncanRTN-2$0$0
    Jeff DuncanRSC-3$0$0
    Sean DuffyRWI-7$0$0
    David DreierRCA-26$0$0
    Mike DoyleDPA-14$0$0
    Joe DonnellyDIN-2$0$1,950
    Bob DoldRIL-10$0$3,000
    Lloyd DoggettDTX-25$0$250
    John DingellDMI-15$0$0
    Norm DicksDWA-6$0$500
    Mario Diaz-BalartRFL-21$0$0
    Theodore DeutchDFL-19$0$500
    Scott DesJarlaisRTN-4$0$0
    Charlie DentRPA-15$0$0
    Jeff DenhamRCA-19$0$0
    Rosa DeLauroDCT-3$0$2,200
    Diana DeGetteDCO-1$0$500
    Peter DeFazioDOR-4$0$0
    Susan DavisDCA-53$0$0
    Geoff DavisRKY-4$0$0
    Danny DavisDIL-7$0$0
    Elijah CummingsDMD-7$0$1,000
    John CulbersonRTX-7$0$1,500
    Henry CuellarDTX-28$0$0
    Joe CrowleyDNY-7$0$0
    Mark CritzDPA-12$0$0
    Ander CrenshawRFL-4$0$0
    Eric CrawfordRAR-1$0$0
    Chip CravaackRMN-8$0$0
    Joe CourtneyDCT-2$0$0
    Jerry CostelloDIL-12$0$0
    Jim CostaDCA-20$0$0
    Jim CooperDTN-5$0$0
    John ConyersDMI-14$0$0
    Gerry ConnollyDVA-11$0$750
    K. "Mike" ConawayRTX-11$0$0
    Tom ColeROK-4$0$0
    Steve CohenDTN-9$0$2,250
    Mike CoffmanRCO-6$0$0
    John Howard CobleRNC-6$0$0
    Jim ClyburnDSC-6$0$0
    Emanuel CleaverDMO-5$0$0
    William Lacy ClayDMO-1$0$250
    Yvette ClarkeDNY-11$0$0
    Hansen ClarkeDMI-13$0$0
    David CicillineDRI-1$0$1,550
    Judy ChuDCA-32$0$500
    Donna Christian-ChristensenDVI$0$0
    Albert "Ben" ChandlerDKY-6$0$0
    Jason ChaffetzRUT-3$0$0
    Steve ChabotROH-1$0$250
    Kathy CastorDFL-11$0$800
    Bill CassidyRLA-6$0$0
    John CarterRTX-31$0$0
    André CarsonDIN-7$0$250
    John CarneyDDE$0$0
    John "Russ" CarnahanDMO-3$0$0
    Dennis CardozaDCA-18$0$0
    Mike CapuanoDMA-8$0$0
    Lois CappsDCA-23$0$500
    Shelley CapitoRWV-2$0$300
    Eric CantorRVA-7$0$4,800
    Francisco CansecoRTX-23$0$0
    John CampbellRCA-48$0$0
    Dave CampRMI-4$0$0
    Ken CalvertRCA-44$0$0
    George "G.K." ButterfieldDNC-1$0$500
    Dan BurtonRIN-5$0$500
    Michael BurgessRTX-26$0$0
    Ann Marie BuerkleRNY-25$0$0
    Larry BucshonRIN-8$0$0
    Vern BuchananRFL-13$0$5,000
    Corrine BrownDFL-3$0$0
    Paul BrounRGA-10$0$0
    Mo BrooksRAL-5$0$0
    Bruce BraleyDIA-1$0$1,750
    Bob BradyDPA-1$0$0
    Kevin BradyRTX-8$0$0
    Charles BoustanyRLA-7$0$0
    Leonard BoswellDIA-3$0$1,747
    Dan BorenDOK-2$0$0
    Madeleine BordalloDGU$0$0
    Mary Bono MackRCA-45$0$0
    Jo BonnerRAL-1$0$0
    John A. BoehnerROH-8$0$3,000
    Earl BlumenauerDOR-3$0$0
    Marsha BlackburnRTN-7$0$0
    Diane BlackRTN-6$0$0
    Tim BishopDNY-1$0$3,250
    Sanford BishopDGA-2$0$0
    Rob BishopRUT-1$0$0
    Gus BilirakisRFL-9$0$1,500
    Brian BilbrayRCA-50$0$0
    Judy BiggertRIL-13$0$3,000
    Howard BermanDCA-28$0$2,250
    Rochelle "Shelley" BerkleyDNV-1$0$2,496
    Rick BergRND$0$2,093
    Dan BenishekRMI-1$0$0
    Xavier BecerraDCA-31$0$0
    Karen BassDCA-33$0$0
    Charlie BassRNH-2$0$5,000
    Joe BartonRTX-6$0$0
    Roscoe BartlettRMD-6$0$0
    John BarrowDGA-12$0$0
    Lou BarlettaRPA-11$0$0
    Tammy BaldwinDWI-2$0$11,946
    Spencer BachusRAL-6$0$0
    Michele BachmannRMN-6$0$1,000
    Joe BacaDCA-43$0$0
    Steve AustriaROH-7$0$0
    Rob AndrewsDNJ-1$0$500
    Mark AmodeiRNV-2$0$0
    Justin AmashRMI-3$0$0
    Jason AltmireDPA-4$0$0
    Rodney AlexanderRLA-5$0$0
    W. Todd AkinRMO-2$0$0
    Robert AderholtRAL-4$0$0
    Sandy AdamsRFL-24$0$0
    Gary AckermanDNY-5$0$0

    Add Data Filters:

    Legislator Filters
    Legislator Filters
    Show All
    NamePartyState$ From Interest Groups
    That Supported
    $ From Interest Groups
    That Opposed
    Gary AckermanDNY-5$-2,900$250
    Sandy AdamsRFL-24$10,500$2,450
    Robert AderholtRAL-4$10,750$2,550
    W. Todd AkinRMO-2$21,425$58,470
    Rodney AlexanderRLA-5$0$0
    Jason AltmireDPA-4$6,000$7,150
    Justin AmashRMI-3$250$6,250
    Mark AmodeiRNV-2$5,500$2,250
    Rob AndrewsDNJ-1$7,500$36,650
    Steve AustriaROH-7$8,000$8,800
    Joe BacaDCA-43$3,000$850
    Michele BachmannRMN-6$26,790$20,554
    Spencer BachusRAL-6$2,000$16,000
    Tammy BaldwinDWI-2$130,938$260,530
    Lou BarlettaRPA-11$1,250$4,250
    John BarrowDGA-12$32,500$11,550
    Roscoe BartlettRMD-6$3,000$3,250
    Joe BartonRTX-6$6,300$1,450
    Charlie BassRNH-2$5,500$24,900
    Karen BassDCA-33$2,250$1,750
    Xavier BecerraDCA-31$15,000$0
    Dan BenishekRMI-1$1,500$3,750
    Rick BergRND$25,178$35,164
    Rochelle "Shelley" BerkleyDNV-1$95,735$77,436
    Howard BermanDCA-28$73,250$55,950
    Judy BiggertRIL-13$12,250$11,100
    Brian BilbrayRCA-50$49,000$1,700
    Gus BilirakisRFL-9$0$3,800
    Rob BishopRUT-1$14,000$0
    Sanford BishopDGA-2$2,000$11,300
    Tim BishopDNY-1$21,650$71,586
    Diane BlackRTN-6$9,000$0
    Marsha BlackburnRTN-7$21,750$13,660
    Earl BlumenauerDOR-3$17,100$5,750
    John A. BoehnerROH-8$99,341$62,902
    Jo BonnerRAL-1$1,200$25,250
    Mary Bono MackRCA-45$30,750$11,050
    Madeleine BordalloDGU$0$950
    Dan BorenDOK-2$500$2,500
    Leonard BoswellDIA-3$10,496$14,997
    Charles BoustanyRLA-7$14,750$5,000
    Kevin BradyRTX-8$15,500$6,000
    Bob BradyDPA-1$1,000$6,800
    Bruce BraleyDIA-1$13,000$19,900
    Mo BrooksRAL-5$22,000$500
    Paul BrounRGA-10$2,000$3,611
    Corrine BrownDFL-3$7,500$1,450
    Vern BuchananRFL-13$14,000$12,000
    Larry BucshonRIN-8$0$1,000
    Ann Marie BuerkleRNY-25$4,300$4,750
    Michael BurgessRTX-26$9,500$1,250
    Dan BurtonRIN-5$1,150$2,800
    George "G.K." ButterfieldDNC-1$8,500$6,700
    Ken CalvertRCA-44$5,000$12,850
    Dave CampRMI-4$20,250$2,255
    John CampbellRCA-48$8,300$3,500
    Francisco CansecoRTX-23$2,250$8,000
    Eric CantorRVA-7$52,050$45,150
    Shelley CapitoRWV-2$1,500$2,300
    Lois CappsDCA-23$59,400$52,950
    Mike CapuanoDMA-8$4,250$9,050
    Dennis CardozaDCA-18$2,400$0
    John "Russ" CarnahanDMO-3$4,100$11,300
    John CarneyDDE$2,000$9,250
    André CarsonDIN-7$1,000$11,800
    John CarterRTX-31$8,000$2,250
    Bill CassidyRLA-6$5,000$10,950
    Kathy CastorDFL-11$3,500$8,193
    Steve ChabotROH-1$6,500$450
    Jason ChaffetzRUT-3$10,500$10,250
    Albert "Ben" ChandlerDKY-6$7,500$16,550
    Donna Christian-ChristensenDVI$4,800$2,850
    Judy ChuDCA-32$4,500$8,150
    David CicillineDRI-1$11,400$37,800
    Hansen ClarkeDMI-13$4,500$7,750
    Yvette ClarkeDNY-11$6,850$11,825
    William Lacy ClayDMO-1$1,000$4,540
    Emanuel CleaverDMO-5$7,750$500
    Jim ClyburnDSC-6$28,000$14,000
    John Howard CobleRNC-6$7,240$0
    Mike CoffmanRCO-6$13,700$11,478
    Steve CohenDTN-9$1,250$6,325
    Tom ColeROK-4$5,000$9,350
    K. "Mike" ConawayRTX-11$1,000$3,250
    Gerry ConnollyDVA-11$38,379$10,850
    John ConyersDMI-14$23,800$6,600
    Jim CooperDTN-5$8,100$29,900
    Jim CostaDCA-20$2,000$1,000
    Jerry CostelloDIL-12$0$4,150
    Joe CourtneyDCT-2$6,650$15,400
    Chip CravaackRMN-8$14,500$500
    Eric CrawfordRAR-1$0$700
    Ander CrenshawRFL-4$7,750$1,200
    Mark CritzDPA-12$11,150$13,300
    Joe CrowleyDNY-7$25,048$23,000
    Henry CuellarDTX-28$1,500$5,250
    John CulbersonRTX-7$3,750$7,400
    Elijah CummingsDMD-7$5,500$4,550
    Danny DavisDIL-7$3,000$3,800
    Geoff DavisRKY-4$2,000$0
    Susan DavisDCA-53$28,950$3,750
    Peter DeFazioDOR-4$750$8,700
    Diana DeGetteDCO-1$3,200$7,200
    Rosa DeLauroDCT-3$4,500$20,920
    Jeff DenhamRCA-19$5,500$1,000
    Charlie DentRPA-15$5,000$2,750
    Scott DesJarlaisRTN-4$5,500$750
    Theodore DeutchDFL-19$10,800$2,250
    Mario Diaz-BalartRFL-21$3,500$3,500
    Norm DicksDWA-6$6,650$1,500
    John DingellDMI-15$12,750$15,150
    Lloyd DoggettDTX-25$9,950$11,500
    Bob DoldRIL-10$17,900$17,400
    Joe DonnellyDIN-2$33,028$117,433
    Mike DoyleDPA-14$2,500$8,250
    David DreierRCA-26$0$0
    Sean DuffyRWI-7$7,500$3,000
    Jeff DuncanRSC-3$250$750
    John "Jimmy" DuncanRTN-2$0$0
    Donna EdwardsDMD-4$6,000$5,850
    Keith EllisonDMN-5$14,101$18,650
    Renee EllmersRNC-2$2,500$1,500
    Jo Ann EmersonRMO-8$15,500$1,750
    Eliot EngelDNY-17$1,750$52,125
    Anna EshooDCA-14$53,050$27,500
    Eni FaleomavaegaDAS$0$0
    Blake FarentholdRTX-27$1,250$0
    Sam FarrDCA-17$0$1,850
    Chaka FattahDPA-2$3,500$8,300
    Bob FilnerDCA-51$0$2,550
    Stephen FincherRTN-8$0$2,500
    Mike FitzpatrickRPA-8$11,100$8,450
    Jeff FlakeRAZ-6$55,750$29,156
    Charles FleischmannRTN-3$2,500$7,500
    John FlemingRLA-4$4,800$14,350
    Bill FloresRTX-17$500$11,900
    J. "Randy" ForbesRVA-4$2,000$2,100
    Jeff FortenberryRNE-1$8,800$3,750
    Virginia FoxxRNC-5$4,190$5,950
    Barney FrankDMA-4$8,980$9,400
    Trent FranksRAZ-2$2,000$1,500
    Rodney FrelinghuysenRNJ-11$1,750$7,200
    Marcia FudgeDOH-11$0$0
    Elton GalleglyRCA-24$1,500$0
    John GaramendiDCA-10$6,250$22,340
    Cory GardnerRCO-4$6,590$11,678
    Ernest Scott GarrettRNJ-5$8,050$6,900
    Jim GerlachRPA-6$20,750$6,000
    Bob GibbsROH-18$0$1,750
    Christopher GibsonRNY-20$5,250$1,750
    Gabrielle GiffordsDAZ-8$15,250$11,500
    John "Phil" GingreyRGA-11$13,250$5,150
    Louie GohmertRTX-1$3,750$5,300
    Charlie GonzalezDTX-20$10,000$1,000
    Bob GoodlatteRVA-6$31,000$20,300
    Paul GosarRAZ-1$2,000$1,250
    Trey GowdyRSC-4$6,000$500
    Kay GrangerRTX-12$8,000$4,950
    Sam GravesRMO-6$18,500$1,000
    John "Tom" GravesRGA-9$4,500$250
    Al GreenDTX-9$0$1,250
    Raymond "Gene" GreenDTX-29$1,000$0
    Tim GriffinRAR-2$3,000$17,750
    H. GriffithRVA-9$3,000$3,954
    Raúl GrijalvaDAZ-7$750$6,250
    Michael GrimmRNY-13$8,000$1,000
    Frank GuintaRNH-1$15,000$5,400
    Steven Brett GuthrieRKY-2$9,000$1,500
    Luis GutiérrezDIL-4$2,160$0
    Janice HahnDCA-36$6,750$9,500
    Ralph HallRTX-4$0$750
    Colleen HanabusaDHI-1$2,250$8,000
    Richard HannaRNY-24$2,000$8,876
    Gregg HarperRMS-3$2,000$1,250
    Andy HarrisRMD-1$6,550$20,950
    Vicky HartzlerRMO-4$21,400$5,050
    Alcee HastingsDFL-23$1,500$10,250
    Richard "Doc" HastingsRWA-4$8,000$2,500
    Nan HayworthRNY-19$13,000$15,650
    Joseph HeckRNV-3$5,500$7,950
    Martin HeinrichDNM-1$74,096$104,020
    Jeb HensarlingRTX-5$8,250$2,000
    Wally HergerRCA-2$1,000$0
    Jaime Herrera BeutlerRWA-3$9,000$1,000
    Brian HigginsDNY-27$2,250$8,100
    Jim HimesDCT-4$39,450$36,450
    Maurice HincheyDNY-22$500$4,950
    Rubén HinojosaDTX-15$0$3,000
    Mazie HironoDHI-2$23,514$48,800
    Kathy HochulDNY-26$18,800$87,402
    Thomas "Tim" HoldenDPA-17$0$750
    Rush HoltDNJ-12$13,576$94,960
    Mike HondaDCA-15$15,300$13,400
    Steny H. HoyerDMD-5$18,000$8,000
    Tim HuelskampRKS-1$5,000$0
    Bill HuizengaRMI-2$1,000$2,500
    Randy HultgrenRIL-14$8,950$7,500
    Duncan HunterRCA-52$6,500$1,400
    Robert HurtRVA-5$9,500$23,950
    Jay InsleeDWA-1$15,250$5,600
    Steve IsraelDNY-2$31,250$28,300
    Darrell IssaRCA-49$23,850$13,200
    Sheila Jackson LeeDTX-18$1,000$23,050
    Jesse JacksonDIL-2$750$4,000
    Lynn JenkinsRKS-2$7,500$1,130
    Bill JohnsonROH-6$1,250$6,500
    Eddie Bernice JohnsonDTX-30$5,000$2,250
    Henry "Hank" JohnsonDGA-4$6,000$0
    Sam JohnsonRTX-3$4,500$1,500
    Tim JohnsonRIL-15$750$5,700
    Walter JonesRNC-3$3,200$6,750
    Jim JordanROH-4$5,000$4,900
    Marcy KapturDOH-9$0$11,400
    William KeatingDMA-10$2,000$1,750
    Mike KellyRPA-3$1,250$7,940
    Dale KildeeDMI-5$0$0
    Ron KindDWI-3$20,900$4,850
    Pete KingRNY-3$14,300$11,250
    Steve KingRIA-5$4,500$5,600
    Jack KingstonRGA-1$13,600$750
    Adam KinzingerRIL-11$14,750$250
    Larry KissellDNC-8$4,500$3,500
    John KlineRMN-2$26,500$45,250
    Dennis KucinichDOH-10$16,546$12,561
    Steve LaTouretteROH-14$0$3,250
    Raúl LabradorRID-1$3,500$1,000
    Doug LambornRCO-5$2,500$0
    Leonard LanceRNJ-7$13,550$6,630
    Jeff LandryRLA-3$0$4,000
    Jim LangevinDRI-2$6,750$2,650
    James LankfordROK-5$5,500$9,050
    Rick LarsenDWA-2$13,250$3,800
    John LarsonDCT-1$14,750$6,800
    Tom LathamRIA-4$9,750$3,450
    Bob LattaROH-5$3,500$5,750
    Barbara LeeDCA-9$5,150$19,250
    Sandy LevinDMI-12$4,050$5,350
    Charles "Jerry" LewisRCA-41$6,500$0
    John LewisDGA-5$11,800$7,450
    Dan LipinskiDIL-3$0$11,100
    Frank LoBiondoRNJ-2$664$2,499
    Dave LoebsackDIA-2$3,850$60,400
    Zoe LofgrenDCA-16$68,750$26,850
    Billy LongRMO-7$2,000$6,400
    Nita LoweyDNY-18$26,250$45,050
    Frank LucasROK-3$650$4,500
    Blaine LuetkemeyerRMO-9$9,000$1,000
    Ben Ray LujánDNM-3$11,250$5,750
    Cynthia LummisRWY$800$0
    Dan LungrenRCA-3$28,250$6,300
    Stephen LynchDMA-9$1,000$1,050
    Connie MackRFL-14$53,403$18,008
    Carolyn MaloneyDNY-14$23,500$18,400
    Don ManzulloRIL-16$1,000$500
    Kenny MarchantRTX-24$500$500
    Tom MarinoRPA-10$4,000$2,000
    Ed MarkeyDMA-7$11,900$4,400
    Jim MathesonDUT-2$35,400$4,301
    Doris MatsuiDCA-5$8,500$8,800
    Carolyn McCarthyDNY-4$6,200$31,600
    Kevin McCarthyRCA-22$46,800$5,250
    Michael McCaulRTX-10$17,000$3,000
    Tom McClintockRCA-4$7,000$1,513
    Betty McCollumDMN-4$4,050$10,950
    Thaddeus McCotterRMI-11$3,500$1,000
    Jim McDermottDWA-7$8,200$4,650
    Jim McGovernDMA-3$6,750$12,350
    Patrick McHenryRNC-10$11,500$750
    Douglas "Mike" McIntyreDNC-7$15,250$3,500
    Howard P. "Buck" McKeonRCA-25$14,750$17,000
    David McKinleyRWV-1$7,000$4,750
    Cathy McMorris RodgersRWA-5$15,500$2,700
    Jerry McNerneyDCA-11$37,160$64,600
    Patrick MeehanRPA-7$15,500$9,750
    Gregory MeeksDNY-6$7,800$9,000
    John MicaRFL-7$4,500$6,250
    Mike MichaudDME-2$13,750$5,978
    Candice MillerRMI-10$0$0
    Gary MillerRCA-42$3,750$2,550
    George MillerDCA-7$12,350$1,000
    Jeff MillerRFL-1$500$6,500
    R. "Brad" MillerDNC-13$2,500$2,750
    Gwen MooreDWI-4$1,500$12,000
    Jim MoranDVA-8$38,350$3,250
    Mick MulvaneyRSC-5$5,000$1,000
    Chris MurphyDCT-5$159,585$212,490
    Tim MurphyRPA-18$6,500$11,000
    Sue MyrickRNC-9$2,000$1,200
    Jerry NadlerDNY-8$10,175$6,740
    Grace NapolitanoDCA-38$0$250
    Richard NealDMA-2$5,250$1,200
    Robert "Randy" NeugebauerRTX-19$1,000$4,450
    Kristi NoemRSD$3,500$9,000
    Eleanor Holmes NortonDDC$500$3,100
    Richard NugentRFL-5$0$500
    Devin NunesRCA-21$5,500$0
    Alan NunneleeRMS-1$14,000$2,000
    Pete OlsonRTX-22$4,250$2,000
    John OlverDMA-1$2,250$5,900
    Bill OwensDNY-23$9,150$11,222
    Steven PalazzoRMS-4$5,000$300
    Frank PalloneDNJ-6$13,251$5,250
    Bill PascrellDNJ-8$6,750$3,550
    Ed PastorDAZ-4$750$2,350
    Ron PaulRTX-14$300$0
    Erik PaulsenRMN-3$14,800$5,500
    Donald PayneDNJ-10$2,750$2,750
    Steve PearceRNM-2$1,000$900
    Nancy PelosiDCA-8$47,000$21,150
    Mike PenceRIN-6$1,000$2,000
    Ed PerlmutterDCO-7$10,150$18,300
    Gary PetersDMI-9$8,200$26,080
    Collin PetersonDMN-7$500$400
    Tom PetriRWI-6$500$1,750
    Pedro PierluisiDPR$2,000$16,015
    Rochelle "Chellie" PingreeDME-1$13,925$16,820
    Joe PittsRPA-16$5,500$250
    Todd PlattsRPA-19$0$0
    Lloyd "Ted" PoeRTX-2$4,250$8,750
    Jared PolisDCO-2$24,000$5,750
    Mike PompeoRKS-4$9,250$0
    Bill PoseyRFL-15$1,000$2,100
    David PriceDNC-4$20,200$69,200
    Tom PriceRGA-6$20,000$8,262
    Ben QuayleRAZ-3$24,000$8,250
    Mike QuigleyDIL-5$4,050$6,750
    Nick RahallDWV-3$0$6,250
    Charlie RangelDNY-15$13,950$28,500
    Tom ReedRNY-29$6,250$9,187
    Denny RehbergRMT$40,928$29,969
    David ReichertRWA-8$50,950$2,750
    James RenacciROH-16$3,500$5,900
    Silvestre ReyesDTX-16$1,000$10,500
    Reid RibbleRWI-8$10,400$2,350
    Laura RichardsonDCA-37$2,000$9,400
    Cedric RichmondDLA-2$2,000$4,300
    Edward RigellRVA-2$3,750$11,750
    David RiveraRFL-25$7,500$6,500
    Martha RobyRAL-2$2,000$1,800
    David "Phil" RoeRTN-1$250$3,125
    Harold "Hal" RogersRKY-5$10,000$6,100
    Mike D. RogersRAL-3$4,500$1,250
    Mike RogersRMI-8$14,400$2,850
    Dana RohrabacherRCA-46$3,750$450
    Todd RokitaRIN-4$3,250$5,062
    Tom RooneyRFL-16$750$1,000
    Ileana Ros-LehtinenRFL-18$21,500$30,500
    Peter RoskamRIL-6$23,350$11,350
    Dennis RossRFL-12$6,000$6,000
    Mike RossDAR-4$3,000$0
    Steve RothmanDNJ-9$6,500$4,200
    Lucille Roybal-AllardDCA-34$2,500$0
    Ed RoyceRCA-40$11,100$14,000
    Jon RunyanRNJ-3$2,000$5,250
    C.A. "Dutch" RuppersbergerDMD-2$18,250$12,000
    Bobby RushDIL-1$8,500$0
    Paul RyanRWI-1$24,100$11,350
    Tim RyanDOH-17$3,000$6,200
    Gregorio "Kilili" SablanDMP$0$300
    Loretta SanchezDCA-47$16,650$2,950
    John SarbanesDMD-3$29,000$52,300
    Steve ScaliseRLA-1$9,000$0
    Jan SchakowskyDIL-9$10,800$30,800
    Adam SchiffDCA-29$9,500$1,550
    Robert SchillingRIL-17$3,000$4,550
    Jeannette "Jean" SchmidtROH-2$0$0
    Aaron SchockRIL-18$10,600$4,150
    Kurt SchraderDOR-5$19,000$17,650
    Allyson SchwartzDPA-13$17,850$69,850
    David SchweikertRAZ-5$6,200$1,000
    Austin ScottRGA-8$10,500$5,750
    David ScottDGA-13$0$1,250
    Bobby ScottDVA-3$1,000$7,250
    Tim ScottRSC-1$8,000$2,850
    F. "Jim" SensenbrennerRWI-5$5,750$5,500
    José SerranoDNY-16$0$2,000
    Pete SessionsRTX-32$10,500$1,750
    Terri SewellDAL-7$7,500$10,200
    Brad ShermanDCA-27$9,750$3,000
    John ShimkusRIL-19$13,500$0
    Joseph Heath ShulerDNC-11$3,500$2,000
    Bill ShusterRPA-9$10,150$7,000
    Mike SimpsonRID-2$1,500$6,000
    Albio SiresDNJ-13$2,000$250
    Louise SlaughterDNY-28$5,700$38,212
    David Adam SmithDWA-9$36,250$2,250
    Adrian SmithRNE-3$1,000$1,250
    Chris SmithRNJ-4$7,300$500
    Lamar SmithRTX-21$33,500$1,450
    Steve SoutherlandRFL-2$1,500$500
    Karen "Jackie" SpeierDCA-12$11,250$15,800
    Fortney "Pete" StarkDCA-13$4,480$7,000
    Cliff StearnsRFL-6$8,900$7,000
    Steve StiversROH-15$12,000$12,750
    Marlin StutzmanRIN-3$0$200
    John SullivanROK-1$6,000$3,500
    Betty SuttonDOH-13$13,400$28,740
    Linda SánchezDCA-39$14,500$430
    Lee TerryRNE-2$10,250$7,750
    Bennie ThompsonDMS-2$10,000$6,200
    Glenn ThompsonRPA-5$0$12,550
    C. Mike ThompsonDCA-1$3,000$5,200
    William "Mac" ThornberryRTX-13$8,750$0
    Pat TiberiROH-12$12,400$22,650
    John TierneyDMA-6$32,700$26,150
    Scott TiptonRCO-3$5,000$16,500
    Paul TonkoDNY-21$5,000$12,742
    Ed TownsDNY-10$6,000$10,000
    Niki TsongasDMA-5$23,375$16,000
    Mike TurnerROH-3$33,750$4,500
    Robert TurnerRNY-9$2,000$11,250
    Fred UptonRMI-6$31,051$7,900
    Chris Van HollenDMD-8$12,125$18,200
    Nydia VelázquezDNY-12$4,000$2,000
    Pete ViscloskyDIN-1$0$1,700
    Tim WalbergRMI-7$1,000$7,750
    Greg WaldenROR-2$30,000$3,000
    Joe WalshRIL-8$6,750$4,775
    Tim WalzDMN-1$11,550$19,950
    Debbie Wasserman SchultzDFL-20$27,500$28,200
    Maxine WatersDCA-35$6,000$3,300
    Mel WattDNC-12$14,750$4,000
    Henry WaxmanDCA-30$28,500$14,800
    Daniel WebsterRFL-8$5,200$3,550
    Peter WelchDVT$5,250$10,850
    Allen WestRFL-22$54,873$61,050
    Lynn WestmorelandRGA-3$500$500
    Ed WhitfieldRKY-1$4,500$3,500
    Frederica WilsonDFL-17$500$1,050
    Addison "Joe" WilsonRSC-2$1,000$2,000
    Robert WittmanRVA-1$3,000$2,900
    Frank WolfRVA-10$10,500$6,000
    Steve WomackRAR-3$1,300$1,250
    Rob WoodallRGA-7$1,250$0
    Lynn WoolseyDCA-6$0$0
    John YarmuthDKY-3$750$11,850
    Kevin YoderRKS-3$20,250$500
    C. W. "Bill" YoungRFL-10$1,700$2,000
    Don YoungRAK$0$1,500
    Todd YoungRIN-9$8,350$13,200

    Interest Groups that supported this bill

    $ Donated
    Computer software$2,693,169
    Book, newspaper & periodical publishing$2,049,977

    Interest Groups that opposed this bill

    $ Donated
    Schools & colleges$3,879,136
    Education$279,604
    Communications & Electronics$196,940
    Medical schools$194,464
    Museums, art galleries, libraries, etc.$183,071
    Legal Services$45,978
    Consumer groups$478
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